CROESUS

CROESUS
Rex Lydorum, ex Mermnadis, quae Dynastia fuit III. quintus, et ultimus, Alyattae fil. omnium, quos hominum memoria celebrat, ditissimus. Unde etiam hodie, cum immensas opes significare volumus, Craesi Divitias dicim us. Ovid. l. 4. De Ponto, Ep. 3. v. 37.
Divit is audita est cui non opulentia Craesi?
Unde pauperi Iro opponitur, a Properito, l. 3. El. 4. v. 5.
Lydus Dulichio non distat Croesus ab Iro.
Martialis, l. 11. Epigr. 6. v. 3.
Ardua res haec est opibus non tradere mores,
Et cum tot Croesos viceris, esse Numam.
Primus Graecos, ademptâ libertate, tributarios reddidit. Subiugavit Phrygas, Mysos, Paphlagones, Threcas, cares etc. omnibus formidabilis, et nominis sui famâ, etiam remotissimas gentes implevit. Hinc, cum se omnium Mortalium felicissimum crederer, monitus est a Solone, Nemnem ante cineres beatum dicendum, quod quoad vivimus, periculum sit, ne instabilis huius mundi felicitas dolore aliquô contaminerur. Iuvenal. Sat. 10. v. 273.
Festino ad nostros, et Regem transeo Ponti
Et Croesum, quem vox iusti facunda Solonis
Respicere ad longaeiussit spatia ultima vitae.
Quam Solonis sententiam vetissimam esese Croesi calamitas postea declaravit. Victus enim a Cyro, Sardibus, regni Metropoli, captis, an. regni eius 14. M. 3510. Olymp. 59. Urb. Cond. 209. ab Argonre, primo ex Heraclidis Lydorum Rege. 675. a Gyge 170 pyraeque impositus, randem salubre Solonis consilium agnovit, eiusque nomen saepiusinclamavit. Unde admiratus Cyrus, quisnam esset Deorum, hominumve, quem ille in extremo periculo solum invocater, remque totam edoctus, humanae vicissitudinis memor, Croesum ab incendio liberavit, summoque semper apud se in honore habuit. Herodot. l. 1. Plut. in Solone. Iustin. l. 1. c. 7. Hotat. l. 1. Ep. 11. v. 2.
Quid Croesiregia Sardis?
Nic. Lloydius. Sic ergo florentissimum illud Lydorum Reguum, quod sub Attyadis, Heraclidis et Mermnadis diu cum gloria stetetat, iam corruit, et Persici Regni accessio facta est. Vide hlc passim.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Croesus —    Croesus, the last king of Lydia, reigned from about 560 to 546 B.C. He was reputed to be the wealthiest man in the world, and from this reputation we have the eponym Croesus, meaning an extremely wealthy man. He had subjugated the Ionian… …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • Croesus — Cr[oe] sus (kr[=e] s[u^]s), n. [L., fr. G. Kroi^sos.] A king of Lydia who flourished in the 6th century b. c., and was renowned for his vast wealth; hence, a common appellation for a very rich man; as, he is a veritable Cr[oe]sus. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Croesus — from Latinized form of Gk. Kroisis, 6c. B.C.E. king of Lydia in Asia Minor, famously wealthy; hence rich man or in other allusions to riches, from late 14c …   Etymology dictionary

  • Croesus — ► NOUN ▪ a person of great wealth. ORIGIN from the name of a famously wealthy king of Lydia c.560 546 BC …   English terms dictionary

  • Croesus — Croesus1 [krē′səs] n. [after CROESUS2] a very rich man Croesus2 [krē′səs] fl. 6th cent. B.C.; last king of Lydia (560 546), noted for his great wealth …   English World dictionary

  • Croesus — For the opera, see Croesus (opera). Croesus Receiving Tribute from a Lydian Peasant, by Claude Vignon. Croesus (   …   Wikipedia

  • Croesus — /kree seuhs/, n., pl. Croesuses, Croesi / suy/ for 2. 1. died 546 B.C., king of Lydia 560 546: noted for his great wealth. 2. a very rich man. * * * died с 546 BC Last king of Lydia, famous for his great wealth. He succeeded his father as king с… …   Universalium

  • Croesus — I. noun Etymology: Croesus, king of Lydia, famed for his wealth Date: 1621 a very rich man II. biographical name died circa 546 B.C. king of Lydia (circa 560 546) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Croesus — Der Begriff Croesus ist: der lateinische Name des letzten Königs Lydiens, siehe Krösus der veraltete wissenschaftliche Name einer Gattung der Blattwespen, siehe Craesus Diese Seite ist eine B …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CROESUS —    the last of the kings of Lydia, in the 6th century B.C.; celebrated for his wealth, so that his name became a synonym for a man overwhelmed by the favours of fortune; being visited by Solon, he asked him one day if he knew any one happier than …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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